|Bergamot is a type of bitter orange with greenish-yellow skin. Its pulp is too sour to eat, so the fruit is produced solely for the extration of essential oil from the peel. The name Bergamot is derived from the city Bergamo in Lombardy, Italy, where the oil was first sold. It has been grown since the 16th century in the Mediterranean countries like Italy and Greece. It is a common top note in perfumes and has been used in the perfume and food industries for a long time. While the essential oil has begun to be extracted more recently, the fruit, and its essence and flavour have been used in traditional medicine for hundred of years. Bergamot oil was an ingredient in the earliest formula of "eau de Cologne", in the 18th century. "Earl Grey tea" is a type of black tea that contains bergamot essential oil as a flavouring.|
Bergamot oil is a cold-pressed essential oil produced by cells inside the rind of the bergamot orange. One hundred bergamot oranges will yield about three ounces (85 grams) of bergamot oil. The scent of bergamot essential oil is similar to a sweet light orange peel oil with a floral note and a sweetness as it evaporates.
Bergamot essential oil is typically used in aromatherapy to treat the following conditions: addictions (including compulsive eating or anorexia), agitation, anxiety, fear, depression, post-natal depression, insomnia, tension, hysteria and low self-confidence. It can enhance mood, reduce stress and is said to help those suffering from SAD (Seasonal Affected Disorder). Physically, the oil can stimulate circulation and alleviate pain. It can be used to treat PMS, indigestion, loss of appetite, colic, infections (herpes, cold sores, respiratory, urinary tract), colds, flu, inflammation, rheumatism, headaches, eczema, psoriasis, oily skin, skin infections (like general wounds) and vaginal Candida. It can also be used as an insect repellent.
Bergamot is a good febrifuge, a substance that reduces fever and lowers body temperature. There are a number of reasons for this. First of all, as an antibiotic, it fights infections that arise from viruses, bacteria and protozoa that cause fever, including influenza (virus), malaria (protozoa) and typhoid (typhus bacteria). Secondly, it stimulates the metabolic system and gland secretions, thereby providing a feeling of warmth and resulting in additional secretion (perspiration or sweat) from the Eccrine glands (sweat glands) and sebaceous (sebum) glands, thus reducing body temperature. This can also reduce toxicity of the body through perspiration, and clean out the glands and pores of any foreign toxins that can result in a variety of skin conditions.
Bergamot oil relaxes nerves and muscles, thereby giving quick relief for cramps, convulsions, and painful muscle contractions. This can also be important for people with chronic coughing or respiratory conditions, as well as asthma, which is similar to a spasmodic reaction.
Bergamot essential oil is an excellent deodorant. Its refreshing aroma and disinfectant properties, which inhibit growth of germs causing body-odor, make it an effective and attractive delivery system as a deodorant. Citrus smells are very powerful, and can overcome or eliminate many other odors that people smell in a certain area, which is why bergamot oil is also used in room fresheners and sprays.
The same disinfectant and antibiotic properties of bergamot oil make it a good antiseptic and vulnerary agent. It not only promotes fast healing of wounds, cracks on the skin and heels, ulcers, eczema, and itching, but it also protects wounds from becoming septic and developing deadly tetanus. It not only treats and heals the effects of other infections, but inhibits the formation of new infections.
Bergamot essential oil is also a tonic, meaning that it tones up the respiratory, circulatory, digestive, excretory, and nervous system, as well as skin and muscles. It is also anticongestive and is used in vaporizers to relieve congestion and respiratory problems, particularly during coughs and colds. It works as an expectorant to loosen up phlegm and mucus in the respiratory tracts and helps the body to eliminate through natural avenues like sneezing and productive coughs, thereby reducing the total amount of material and eliminating some of the germs and toxins that caused the condition in the first place.