Chamomile Oil - March Featured Essential Oil


We are featuring 2 different kinds of chamomile, Roman chamomile and German chamomile.

Roman chamomile essential oil is produced from Anthemis nobilis (Chamaemelum nobile) of the family species Asteraceae, formerly placed in the Compositae family. It is also known as English chamomile, sweet chamomile and garden chamomile.

German chamomile essential oil is extracted from Matricaria chamomilla (M. recutica) of the same family and is also known by the names of blue chamomile, Hungarian chamomile and single chamomile.

The Roman chamomile essential oil has a sweet, apple-like fragrance and is very light clear blue in color with a watery viscosity, while the German chamomile oil has a sweet, straw-like fragrance, is dark blue in color and its viscosity is medium.

Both Roman and German chamomile have excellent calming properties, but Roman chamomile is more effective for irritation, impatience and feeling disagreeable, and has great value in treating PMS and other menstrual and menopausal problems, while German chamomile is superbly effective on the skin, not only to sooth and calm, but to heal and for tissue regeneration.

Therapeutic properties

The therapeutic properties of Roman chamomile oil are analgesic, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-infectious, anti-depressant, anti-neuralgic, antiphlogistic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, bactericidal, carminative, cholagogue, cicatrisant, emmenagogue, febrifuge, hepatic, sedative, nervine, digestive, tonic, sudorific, stomachic, vermifuge and vulnerary.

The therapeutic properties of German chamomile oil on the other hand are analgesic, anti-allergenic, anti-spasmodic, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, antiphlogistic, bactericidal, carminative, cicatrisant, cholagogue, emmenagogue, hepatic, digestive, sedative, stomachic, vermifuge, vasoconstrictor and vulnerary.

Roman Chamomile Oil

German Chamomile oil

Blending

Both chamomile oils blend well with bergamot, clary sage, lavender, geranium, jasmine, tea tree, grapefruit, rose, lemon, lime and ylang-ylang.

Safety with Chamomile Essential Oil

Holistic Uses of Chamomile Essential Oil

Special Blends

Add these essential oils to 20ml (4 tsp) carrier oil.
  1. To soothe burns or sunburn
    6 drops Lavender
    2 drops Roman Chamomile
    2 drops Spearmint
  2. To soothe irritated skin
    4 drops Roman Chamomile
    4 drops Neroli
    2 drops Lavender

Healing the Body

  1. To ease away stress, vaporize 3 drops Roman Chamomile and 2 drops Sweet Orange.
  2. To heal burns, sunburns or eczema apply a blend of Lavender, Roman Chamomile and Spearmint oil (see blend 1 above).
  3. For acne, Roman chamomile oil will assist in controlling and relieving acne and other associated skin problems. Use blend 1 above.
  4. To heal inflamed skin or eczema, use blend 2 above.
  5. To relieve painful swelling resulting from a sprain, use a cold compress with 4 drops Lavender oil and 2 drops of German Chamomile or use a cold compress with 4 drops of Roman Chamomile.
  6. While the Roman Chamomile Oil is more calming and is a better emenagogue, the German Chamomile is a very powerful anti inflammatory due to presence of a compound called azulene. Azulene is a nitrogenous compound and is responsible for giving chamomile oil its characteristic deep blue color. There are many medicinal properties of chamomile oil as given below.

General Information on Chamomile Oil

German chamomile oil is mostly cultivated in Hungary, Egypt, Eastern Europe and France, while Roman chamomile is cultivated in Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Morocco and France.

Extraction of Chamomile Oil

Both chamomile oils are extracted from the flowers by steam distillation, with the Roman chamomile yielding about 1.7 % from fresh flowers and German chamomile yielding about 0.2 - 0.4 %.

Chemical composition

The Roman Chamomile oil is constituted of Alpha Pinene, Beta Pinene, Camphene, Caryophyllene, Sabinene, Myrcene, Gamma Terpinene, Pinocarvone, Farsenol, Cineole, Propyl Angelate and Butyl Angelate.

The German Chamomile oil, on the other hand, is composed of Azulene (here called Chamazulene, since found in Chamomile), Alpha Bisabolol, Bisabolol Oxide-A & B and Bisabolene Oxide-A. Azulene, a powerful anti-inflammatory agent. This blue crystal is not actually present in the plant, but forms in the oil and only a small quantity is needed to be effective.

Sources

  1. http://www.essentialoils.co.za/essential-oils/chamomile.htm
  2. The Essential Oils Handbook, Jennie Harding, Watkins Publishing, London, 2008.
  3. http://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/essential-oils/health-benefits-of-camomile-essential-oil.html