We are featuring 2 different kinds of chamomile, Roman chamomile and
Roman chamomile essential oil is produced from Anthemis nobilis (Chamaemelum nobile)
of the family species Asteraceae, formerly placed in the Compositae family.
It is also known as English chamomile, sweet chamomile and garden chamomile.
German chamomile essential oil is extracted from Matricaria chamomilla (M. recutica)
of the same family and is also known by the names of blue chamomile, Hungarian
chamomile and single chamomile.
The Roman chamomile essential oil has a sweet, apple-like fragrance and is very
light clear blue in color with a watery viscosity, while the German chamomile oil
has a sweet, straw-like fragrance, is dark blue in color and its viscosity is medium.
Both Roman and German chamomile have excellent calming properties, but Roman
chamomile is more effective for irritation, impatience and feeling disagreeable,
and has great value in treating PMS and other menstrual and menopausal problems,
while German chamomile is superbly effective on the skin, not only to sooth and calm,
but to heal and for tissue regeneration.
The therapeutic properties of Roman chamomile oil are analgesic, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-infectious, anti-depressant, anti-neuralgic, antiphlogistic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, bactericidal, carminative, cholagogue, cicatrisant, emmenagogue, febrifuge, hepatic, sedative, nervine, digestive, tonic, sudorific, stomachic, vermifuge and vulnerary.
The therapeutic properties of German chamomile oil on the other hand are analgesic, anti-allergenic, anti-spasmodic, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, antiphlogistic, bactericidal, carminative, cicatrisant, cholagogue, emmenagogue, hepatic, digestive, sedative, stomachic, vermifuge, vasoconstrictor and vulnerary.
- Roman Chamomile Oil
- This essential oil can be used with great effect on children when they
feel irritable, impatient, are teething or colicky.
- For babies it can be used in a very diluted form to sooth an irritated and
teething baby and helps for colic, diarrhea and gastric spasms.
- Women find it great to relieve PMS.
- In general it is good for abdominal pain, gall bladder problems, as well as for
- It helps to relieve allergies, hay fever and asthma.
- For the skin, it can be used to calm acne, eczema, rashes, wounds, dermatitis,
dry and itchy skin and other allergic conditions in general.
Apply a preparation made from the oil to skin infections.
- Roman chamomile can be used in vapor therapy, for nervous complaints, headaches
- Roman chamomile can be used in a blended massage oil, or diluted in the bath,
to assist with allergies, anorexia, addiction, colic, insomnia, back pain, muscle
pain, arthritis, post-natal depression and bowel disorders.
- Roman chamomile can be used as a mouthwash for dental abscesses and tonsillitis.
- Roman chamomile can be used in a cream base for diaper rash, burns and sunburn,
- German Chamomile oil
This essential oil has a calming effect on the mind and body.
- It is excellent in treating any type of inflammation - be that internal or
- It is very effective on urinary stones (bladder gravel) as well.
- It stimulates the liver and gall bladder, thereby improving digestion and is
valuable in treating menstrual and menopausal problems.
On the skin, it is a miracle worker and calms red, dry and irritated skin,
as well as calming allergies, eczema, psoriasis and all other flaky skin problems.
- German chamomile can be diluted in the bath for asthma, measles, mumps, PMS,
menopausal symptoms, as well as rheumatism.
- It is high in -(-a)-bisabolol which promotes granulation (healing) and is also
a great tissue regenerator.
- German chamomile can be used in a cream base in general skincare, especially in
treating allergic skin.
Both chamomile oils blend well with bergamot, clary sage, lavender, geranium, jasmine,
tea tree, grapefruit, rose, lemon, lime and ylang-ylang.
Safety with Chamomile Essential Oil
- No specific threats noticed, except that it should be avoided if someone has
allergies with it or with any other member of Ragweed Family, to which Chamomile
- Both types of chamomile oil are considered non-toxic and non-irritant, yet
do have emmenagogue properties when used in high concentrations, they should be
avoided during pregnancy.
Holistic Uses of Chamomile Essential Oil
Add these essential oils to 20ml (4 tsp) carrier oil.
- To soothe burns or sunburn
|6 drops Lavender|
|2 drops Roman Chamomile|
|2 drops Spearmint|
- To soothe irritated skin
|4 drops Roman Chamomile|
|4 drops Neroli|
|2 drops Lavender|
Healing the Body
- To ease away stress, vaporize 3 drops Roman Chamomile and
2 drops Sweet Orange.
- To heal burns, sunburns or eczema apply a blend of Lavender,
Roman Chamomile and Spearmint oil (see blend 1 above).
- For acne, Roman chamomile oil will assist in controlling and
relieving acne and other associated skin problems. Use blend 1 above.
- To heal inflamed skin or eczema, use blend 2 above.
- To relieve painful swelling resulting from a sprain, use a cold
compress with 4 drops Lavender oil and 2 drops of German
Chamomile or use a cold compress with 4 drops of Roman Chamomile.
While the Roman Chamomile Oil is more calming and is a better emenagogue,
the German Chamomile is a very powerful anti inflammatory due to presence
of a compound called azulene.
Azulene is a nitrogenous compound and is
responsible for giving chamomile oil its characteristic deep blue color.
There are many medicinal properties of chamomile oil as given below.
- Anti Septic, Anti Biotic, Disinfectant, Bactericidal & Vermifuge:
They have very good anti septic and anti biotic properties.
They not only do not let biotic biotic infections develop, they also
get rid of infections already present.
Small quantities of chamomile oil inhibit staphylococcal and streptococcal
strains of bacteria.
The oils are good vermifuge too and kill all sorts of intestinal worms.
If applied on hair, it kills lice and mites, keeping hair and scalp free
from infections and damage.
- Stimulant & Anti Depressant:
Both the varieties have been very effective in fighting depression and
for raising spirit.
They eliminate feeling of sadness, depression, disappointment,
sluggishness etc. and induce a sort of happy or charged feeling.
Even smelling these oils can help a lot overcoming depression and bring
about a good mood.
- Anti Inflammatory & Sedative:
Roman Chamomile is found effective in calming down annoyance, anger
and irritation, particularly in small children.
The German variety, on the other hand, is found more effective on adults
for curing inflammations, particularly those in digestive and urinary system.
They also reduce blood pressure and check swelling of the blood vessels.
- Analgesic & Anti Neuralgic:
They have analgesic properties and efficiently reduce pain in muscles
and joints, headache, sinus, toothache, bone injuries etc.
They are also very effective in giving relief in the severe pain of
Neuralgia by constricting the blood vessels surrounding the Ninth
Cranial Nerve and relieving pressure on it.
- Stomachic, Digestive and Hepatic & Cholagogue:
Being stomachic, they tone up the stomach and set it to proper function.
They promote secretion of digestive juices into the stomach and promote
and facilitate digestion.
Being Hepatic (meaning good for liver), they ensure good health of the
liver and proper flow of bile from it.
They are also Cholagogue, meaning they increase secretion of Hydrochloric
Acid, bile and enzymes in stomach, thereby promoting digestion.
- Anti Rheumatic & Anti Phlogistic:
The oils cure dysfunctions of the circulatory system, stimulate
circulation and detoxify the blood of toxins like uric acid, thereby
helping cure ailments like rheumatism, arthritis etc. which are caused
due to improper circulation and accumulation of uric.
These make them good Anti Phlogistics, the agents which reduce swelling
- Anti Spasmodic, Relaxant & Nervine:
They calm all nervous disturbances or hyper-reactions which result
in convulsions, spasms, nervousness, loss of control over limbs etc.
They are Nervine, that is, keep the nerves and the nervous system in a
state of good health and proper functioning.
- Cicatrisant & Vulnerary:
They are very popular in the world of cosmetics, as they diminish
the scars, marks and spots on the skin and on the face (being a Cicatrisant)
and also protect wounds, cuts and bruises from getting infected,
thus serving as a Vulnerary.
- Sudorific & Febrifuge:
They induce profuse perspiration (being Sudorific), thus removing
toxins and agents causing infections and cooling down the body,
effectively giving relief in fever, thus serving as a Febrifuge.
They expel gas from the intestines and stomach and also check gas
This also helps relax the body and lowers blood pressure.
- Other Benefits:
They are anti allergenic, help cure acne by removing toxins and
cleaning sebaceous and eccrine glands through sweating, clean up the
urinary system and the kidneys through increased urination (being diuretic),
detoxify blood and increase strength as they are also fortifying in nature.
They can be used in mouth wash too, to keep away bad breath and eliminate
General Information on Chamomile Oil
German chamomile oil is mostly cultivated in Hungary, Egypt, Eastern Europe and
France, while Roman chamomile is cultivated in Germany, France, Spain, Italy,
Morocco and France.
Extraction of Chamomile Oil
Both chamomile oils are extracted from the flowers by steam distillation, with the Roman chamomile yielding about 1.7 % from fresh flowers and German chamomile yielding about 0.2 - 0.4 %.
The Roman Chamomile oil is constituted of Alpha Pinene, Beta Pinene, Camphene,
Caryophyllene, Sabinene, Myrcene, Gamma Terpinene, Pinocarvone, Farsenol,
Cineole, Propyl Angelate and Butyl Angelate.
The German Chamomile oil, on the other hand, is composed of Azulene (here called
Chamazulene, since found in Chamomile), Alpha Bisabolol, Bisabolol Oxide-A & B
and Bisabolene Oxide-A.
Azulene, a powerful anti-inflammatory agent.
This blue crystal is not actually present in the plant, but forms in the oil
and only a small quantity is needed to be effective.
- The Essential Oils Handbook, Jennie Harding, Watkins Publishing,