Emerald is the birthstone for May. They are the green variety of beryl with most having inclusions (bubbles) in them. The strongest time for the powers of the emerald is said to be spring.
The emerald is the sacred stone of the goddess Venus. and was thought to preserve love. The emerald has long been the symbol of hope. and is considered by many to be the stone of prophecy. For some the emerald acts as a tranquilizer for a troubled mind, it is said to bring the wearer reason and wisdom.
The oldest known emerald mine is Egyptian dating ack to 3000 BCE. Emeralds were the stones favoured by the Egyptians and especially Cleopatra who adorned and rejuvenated her appearance with the most beautiful emeralds. She believed that the boundless beauty of Venus resided within them. Emeralds were as highly valued as diamonds by the Greeks and Romans and they were considered to be the colouring stone for nature, leaves and plants. The Incas and the Aztecs also revered emeralds as holy stones. In the Christian faith the emerald is a symbol of faith and hope. Emeralds were not only treasured as semi-precious in virtually all cultures but were highly valued as powerful healing stones.